170A - Classical
Archaeology: Greek Painting
The test is in theory cumulative (because there are things about technique and development that you will want to review and potentially draw from for essay answers) but it will be much more heavily weighted towards the material presented since the midterm. The test will consist of three
1. Slide Identifications: images shown individually or in pairs
questions on identifying characteristics and/or how they relate to
the culture or chronological period.
2. Short answers including terms identifications and recognition
of specific styles, objects and sites.
3. Essays. You will be given a selection of topics/questions,
probably four, from
which you will answer two. The topics may consist of various
objects, periods, styles, and media. Just like on the midterm:
Example: Using examples, discuss the similarities and differences
among Attic Black Figure and Red Figure vase painting (This will
require some combined knowledge of BOTH
textbooks, bspace readings, and lecture material).
You should be able to give a 5-10 year date
range for important people, developments, and objects of the historical
period. For the prehistoric phases you should know cultural period
and/or century at least. The dates are provided on the word lists
and/or in your textbooks.
Painting Media and Techniques:
- where painting occurs in the
Bronze Age, Iron Age, Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods
- painting techniques of the Bronze Age, Archaic and Classical
- vase painting techniques by period in the Archaic and Classical
- importance of major sites and monuments or objects
- peripheral areas with evidence for contemporary painting in the
Greek world (Etruria, South Italy, Phrygia, Lydia, Lycia)
Lightly Review Bronze and Iron Ages....
- Old Palace Period and New Palace Period vase painting styles and
- Wall painting--key themes: landscapes/seascapes, bulls and
bull-leaping, religious themes and rituals, mother goddess
- evidence for contact with the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt
(eg. bull-leaping painting at Avaris)
- Thera--exceptionally well preserved site of Akrotiri--buildings.
etc; wall paintings--style, location and themes
- Late Helladic (LH) I: Mycenae shaft graves: sudden wealth, but
not influx of new people
foreign contact, esp. with Minoans
art shows Minoan influence, esp. in religious scenes
- LH II: developing states
tholos tombs--beehive shape, corbelled dome roof, relieving triangle
- LH III: palaces: key sites Pylos, Tiryns, Mycenae; megaron unit
the central part
kingdom administration--Linear B tablets, excavation, survey all reveal
pottery styles and their importance for chronology
- Proto-geometric vase style and the innovations that created it
- know the vase shapes and what the most common ones would have
been used for
- cultural history
8th century renaissance
colonies; writing rediscovered (from Phoenicians); rise of polis;
burial scenes and mythology beginning to appear in Geometric
7th century orientalizing influence begins--in vase painting,
textiles, sculpture etc., vases pick themes from Greek mythology
6th century orientalizing motifs continue in vases, Ionic temples, but
Greek forms become standardized
- geometric designs; silhouette figures c. 750; narrative art
- 700-580: proto-Attic vases show mythological scenes; early
Black Figure and the rise of popularity and quality in Athenian vase
- MC and LC vase painting -
the downward spiral of Corinthian
ceramics; votive plaques in ceramic and wood - relationship to vase ptg
and free ptg?
- 580-520: Attic Black Figure:
Amasis Painter, Exekias esp.
important; styles, trends, themes
- Special vases for export and for specialized uses, ie.
- pottery styles in other regions such as Laconia and Boeotia
- painting not on pots - funerary and votive plaques
- late 6th century as the age
of experimantation in vase
painting techniques, Andokides Painter
- 530 onward: Attic Red Figure:
Euphronios and other Pioneers
- development of cups through 6thc.
- sculpture-- painting incorporated for free-standing and relief;
note especially use of paint on grave steles
- architecture--the development of monumental sacred architecture
and its possible painted elements over time
- Siphnian Treasury and its relation to Red Figure
c. 500, change in all areas:
c. 510 Athens throws off tyranny and settles for democracy
c. 500 Persians threaten Greeks in Turkey; Greek revolt is
put down by 494, but Persians vow to pay Greeks back
490 B.C. they invade; Athenians beat them in battle at
- Athenian success in repelling Persians (490, 480) makes them
preeminent in Greece
- Athens develops an increasingly repressive control of polises it
- general resentment culminates in the Peloponnesian War, in which
Sparta and many other polises take on Athens in war, and ultimately
beat her (in 404 B.C.)
- Red Figure - Kleophrades Painter and Berlin Painter esp.
- Cup specialists of 5thc.
- Whiteground: shapes, function
- later Red Figure, esp. cup painters and new composition styles
of late 5th century, ie. Eretria Painter, Medias Painter
Classical to Hellenistic periods:
(we looked at only the Kerch style [1st image] but I include the others FYI. You will NOT be asked to id these late paintings)
- Free Painting: artists, paintings and the evidence for them
Review the material in the readings and the images in the textbook,
PLUS review the material presented in the presentations by your
classmates - much will assist in the cumulative review!
- grave stele
- tomb paintings of Lefkadia and Vergina