17A - Introduction to Greek Archaeology
REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 3 (Tuesday, December 13th, 3-5pm)
You will need to
bring a "blue or green book" exam booklet!
The test will consist of three parts:
1. Slide Identifications: images shown alone or in pairs with specific
questions on identifying characteristics and/or how they relate to
the culture or chronological period.
2. Short answers including term or word list identifications
(2-3 sentences - who/what/where/when and especially WHY) and
of specific names, sites and styles - both fill in the blank and
3. Essay. You will be given a selection of three
which you will choose one to answer. The topics will require you to
discuss a range of periods, materials and especially cultures/regions, often in
comparison or contrast. You will be asked about the evidence for
archaeological reconstruction and will be expected to describe
developments over time and across cultures/regions. 3-5 "blue book" pages is
the suggested length. Be certain to draw from your readings and class
Remember to cite specific examples whenever possible!
You should be able to give a date
range or period for important events, sites, developments, and arifacts
(especially pottery styles and sculpture) for which
the dates are provided on the word lists or in your textbook. Know the dates of historical events and/or monuments.
- c. 500, change in all areas
- c. 510 Athens throws off tyranny and settles for
- c. 500 Persians threaten Greeks in Asia Minor; Greek
revolt is put down by 494, but Persians vow to pay Greeks back
- 490 B.C. they invade; Athenians beat them in battle
- Return in 480/479, victories at Salamis (navy) and Plateia (army) after sack of Athens
- Know the development of Attic pottery styles from
black-figure to bilingual to red-figure, the technological processes
involved in their production, the major artists, their characteristics
and app. dates.
- 580-520: Attic Black Figure: Exekias esp. important
- 520 onward: Attic Red Figure: Euphronios esp. important
- Know the function of vase shapes and their use contexts, market patterns, and find contexts. How do the designs and themes relate to their function and environment of use. What is a symposium and why is it important for reconstructing Greek culture?
- 600-500 kouros (male) and kore (female) statues
gradually become more 'lifelike'; know differences between Doric and
- c. 480 Aegina temple sculpture and Kritios Boy show
transition from Archaic to Early Classical Period (Severe style)
- where is sculpture used in its various form and why?
- Archaic public works; stone temples; architectural
- be able to identify and describe a Doric temple and an
Ionic temple, and give examples.
- Know the important characteristics and be able to
identify Archaic Temples and their decoration. Know what deities they
belong to. Be ready to cite examples of architecture and sculpture that
are 'sign-posts' for stylistic dating esp. in other media, ie. Siphnian
- Athenian success in repelling Persians (490, 480) makes
them preeminent in Greece
- Athens develops an increasingly repressive control of
polises it controls
- general resentment culminates in the Peloponnesian War, in
which Sparta and many other polises take on Athens in war, and
ultimately beat her (in 404 B.C.)
- bronze original statues, Roman marble copies; know
characteristics of Early Classical (480-450 BC) and High Classical
(450-400 BC) style with examples
- architectural sculpture (reliefs, pediments) is
original in marble (esp. T. of Zeus, Olympia)
- Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Parthenon--sculpture by
- when are these built?
- layout of Parthenon, metopes, frieze and
- gold and ivory statue of the deity (Zeus, Athena)
to whom the temple dedicated
- Nike Temple at Athens
- small Ionic building on the Acropolis
- Erechtheum at Athens
- large ornate Ionic temple on the Acropolis
(unusual plan - why?)
- religious festivals and athletics, regional and panhellenic importance; types of events; evidence?
Review the material in your lecture notes, word lists, the
readings and the images in the textbook!